Earlier Porcelain in the Periods of the Three Kingdoms, Jin Dynasties and the Southern and Nor

which more Buddhist factors were absorbed into painting and sculptures.

looked moist, yet the color of   weak reducing flames.

The period from the Three-Kingdoms to the Southern and Northern Dynasties lasted for 381 years (200-581). Despite social upheavals this was the first important period after the maturity of porcelain production, in which selection of raw material, prototyping technique, glaze application, structure of kiln and burning technique developed to a new high. 

Yue Kiln was still the representative of Western Jin, yet the bodies were thicker, brown and grayish white were more popular and patterns appeared to be more lavish. Eastern Jin patterns were much simpler and brown color was used to write character on the exterior. Some patterns took the shape of animals and whole sets of tableware began to appear. Also in this period, the Character for the word “porcelain” peared—which is “” that is pronounced    as “Cī.


An aptoropaion with green glaze of Western Jin period

1.The southern part of the country was more stable, with the development of mint and extravagant burial practice,
porcelain production developed further and the making of was a special achievement of this period. Fire wall was being used in the southern kilns to reduce drawing of air and to slow down the speed of burning. Most products of this period were roasted by Porcelain production in the north was not as developed, where there was a higher content of alumina in celadon that were less vitreous and in grayish white or white colors. Celadon produc-ed in the north was more lustrous and often with crackles, and the body was heavier and the patterns were much more varied, for instance, lotus flower appeared with the influence of Buddhism.








2. Rapid development of white porcelain: The artisans in the north began to use material that contained less iron and the color of the body was whiter. Thus provided an important condition for the occurrence of early white porcelain. Unlike people in the south, northerners were fond of white color, probably because of snowing weather. The earliest white porcelain that was discovered at Anyang of Henen was produced in the Northern Qi period (550-577). It included bowls, cups, long-neck vases. As the picture shows below, the glaze is thin and the glaze still is rather green, not purely white and needs to be improved. However, aside from celadon, there came another variety, the white porcelain, without which, there would be no colored porcelain and later superb ornamental disigns.Buddhism came into China in the Eastern Han period and was widely spread in the Southern and Northern Dynasties, during A six-earring green glaze wine vessel with patterns of lotus flowers (the picture on the left), a representative work of  Northern Dynasty, was excavated in Jingxian County of Hebei Province.






 The celestials, flowers,two dragons and animal faces were pasted onto the exterior, and with the three layers of out-stretching lotus flowers, it looks magnificent and graceful. By this time, many stationeries and table wares were made of porcelain.


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