Qìng is a percussion instrument made of stone. The picture below is one excavated from a Xia Dynasty culture site in 石磬Shanxi Provinc.






Qing made of jade and bronze appeared in the Shang Dynasty. There were two kinds of Qing: Special Qing, which is big in size and was not used together with other Qing. The picture below was excavated from a Yin Tomb at Anyang of Henan Province, which is made of marble and is over 3,000 years old.







Chime Qing is the other kind. In Shang Dynasty, three Qings were in a group. There were also groups of five, as found from the Yin Ruins. The technial level of the State of Chu was the highest during the Warring States Period. 

In 1970, a set of 25 Qing was excavated from Jiangling of Hubei Province, which was the capital of the State of Chu. There are clear flower designs on them. Another set of 41 Qings was discovered from the Tomb of Marquis Yi. The Qings were in two rows. Each row has 16 Qings, with 9 flexible ones. 
In 1980, Hubei Museum and Wuhan Institute of Physics successfully made a replica of the chime Qing, its base is thick and its treble is clear and can cover three octaves.

Set Qings were very much used in the Qing Dynasty. In 1790 Emperor Qianlong had a set of Gold Qing and a set of gold bell made. 



Famous Chime Qing Pieces:

The East Is Red

Three Variations of Plum